Escutcheons of Science
(1494-1541)Galileo Galilei
(1564-1642)Blaise Pascal
(1623-1662)Isaac Newton
This is Page 1
(Major Scientists)
See also Page 2
 NOTICE:   Copyright  © 2003-2018, by Gérard P. Michon, Ph.D.   You are hereby granted permission to use your own COPIES of no more than four (4) of the graphics below on any given webpage, provided that they are linked to this page with or without a proper

Prominent Armigerous Scientists and Inventors, in Chronological Order :
(see also:  contemporaries, others, celebrities, industrialists, explorers & shortlist)

Robert Grosseteste 1168-1253
Fibonacci 1170-1250
Albert the Great 1205-1280
Roger Bacon 1214-1292
Thomas Aquinas 1225-1274
Ramon Llull 1232-1316
Nicole Oresme 1323-1382
Gutenberg 1400-1468
Nicholas of Cusa 1401-1464
Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519
Nicolaus Copernicus 1473-1543
Adam Ries 1492-1559
Paracelsus 1493-1541
Oronce Finé 1494-1555
Girolamo Cardano 1501-1576
Bernardino Telesio 1509-1588
Andreas Vesalius 1514-1564
John Dee 1527-1609
François Viète 1540-1603
William Gilbert 1544-1603
Tycho Brahe 1546-1601
Simon Stevin 1548-1620
John Napier 1550-1617
Sir Francis Bacon 1561-1626
Galileo Galilei 1564-1642
Johannes Kepler 1571-1630
J-B. Van Helmont 1577-1644
William Harvey 1578-1657
Willebrord Snell 1580-1626
Gaspard Bachet 1581-1638
Pierre Gassendi 1592-1655
Wilhelm Schickard 1592-1635
René Descartes 1596-1650
Pierre de Fermat 1601-1665
Otto von Guericke 1602-1686
Frénicle de Bessy 1605-1675
Prince Rupert 1619-1682
William Brouncker 1620-1684
Nicholas Mercator 1620-1687
Blaise Pascal 1623-1662
Robert Boyle 1627-1691
Christiaan Huygens 1629-1695
Isaac Barrow 1630-1677
Christopher Wren 1632-1723
Nicolaus Steno 1638-1686
Isaac Newton 1643-1727
Leibniz 1646-1716
Maria Sibylla Merian 1647-1717
Jacob Bernoulli 1655-1705
Guillaume de l'Hôpital 1661-1704
Christopher Polhem 1661-1751
Johann Bernoulli 1667-1748
Pierre Rémond de Montmort 1678-1719
Ferchault de Réaumur 1683-1757
Brook Taylor 1685-1731
Antoine de Jussieu 1686-1758
Emanuel Swedenborg 1688-1772
James Stirling 1692-1770
Samuel Klingenstierna 1698-1765
Maupertuis 1698-1759
Bernard de Jussieu 1699-1777
Daniel Bernoulli 1700-1782
Joseph de Jussieu 1704-1779
Benjamin Franklin 1706-1790
Emilie du Châtelet 1706-1749
Leonhard Euler 1707-1783
Linnæus 1707-1778
Buffon 1707-1788
Laura Bassi 1711-1778
Daubenton 1716-1800
d'Alembert 1717-1783
Maria Gaetana Agnesi 1718-1799
Axel Fredrik Cronstedt 1722-1765
Bochart de Saron 1730-1794
Etienne Bézout 1730-1784
Henry Cavendish 1731-1810
Jean-Charles de Borda 1733-1799
Joseph Priestley 1734-1804
Johann-Albert Euler 1734-1800
James Watt 1736-1819
Joseph-Louis Lagrange 1736-1813
Guyton de Morveau 1737-1816
William Herschel 1738-1822
Horace Bénédict Saussure 1740-1799
Joseph-Michel Montgolfier 1740-1810
Müller von Reichenstein 1742-1825
Thomas Jefferson 1743-1826
Lavoisier 1743-1794
Condorcet 1743-1794
Lamarck 1744-1829
Pierre Méchain 1744-1804
Alessandro Volta 1745-1827
Gaspard Monge 1746-1818
Berthollet 1748-1822
Antoine-Laurent de Jussieu 1748-1836
Dominique de Cassini 1748-1845
Laplace 1749-1827
Goethe 1749-1832
Delambre 1749-1822
Giovanni Fabbroni 1752-1822
Legendre 1752-1833
Rumford 1753-1814
Lazare Carnot 1753-1823
Jurij Vega 1754-1802
Antoine de Parseval 1755-1836
Gaspard de Prôny 1755-1839
Jean-Antoine Chaptal 1756-1832
Johan Gadolin 1760-1852
Vauquelin 1763-1829
Nicéphore Niépce 1765-1833
William Hyde Wollaston 1766-1828
John Dalton 1766-1844
Joseph Fourier 1768-1830
Georges Cuvier 1769-1832
Alexander von Humboldt 1769-1859
Geoffroy-Saint-Hilaire 1772-1844
Leopold von Buch 1774-1853
Sophie Germain 1776-1831
Avogadro 1776-1856
Cagniard de la Tour 1777-1859
Carl Friedrich Gauss 1777-1855
Louis-Jacques Thénard 1777-1857
Hans Christian Ørsted 1777-1851
Guillaume Dupuytren 1777-1835
Pyrame de Candolle 1778-1841
Humphry Davy 1778-1829
Berzelius 1779-1848
Siméon Denis Poisson 1781-1840
David Brewster 1781-1868
Charles Dupin 1784-1846
Joseph von Fraunhofer 1787-1826
Leopold Gmelin 1788-1853
Augustin Cauchy 1789-1857
Coriolis 1792-1843
Sadi Carnot 1796-1832
Barré de Saint-Venant 1797-1886
Adrien de Jussieu 1797-1853
Emile Clapeyron 1799-1864
William Parsons 1800-1867
Niels Abel 1802-1829
Justus von Liebig 1803-1873
John Deere 1804-1886
Charles Darwin 1809-1882
Henri Nestlé 1814-1890
Ada Lovelace 1815-1852
Werner von Siemens 1816-1892
Benjamin Collins Brodie 1817-1880
August von Hofmann 1818-1892
Sir George Stokes 1819-1903
Hermann von Helmholtz 1821-1894
Gregor Mendel 1822-1884
William Siemens 1823-1883
Lord Kelvin 1824-1907
Alphonse de Polignac 1826-1863
Joseph Lister 1827-1912
August Kekulé 1829-1896
James Clerk Maxwell 1831-1879
William Crookes 1832-1919
Dimitri Mendeleev 1834-1907
Johannes D. van der Waals 1837-1923
Lecoq de Boisbaudran 1838-1912
Albert de Lapparent 1839-1908
Sir James Dewar 1842-1923
Rayleigh 1842-1919
Loránd Eötvös 1848-1919
Sofia Kovalevskaya 1850-1891
J.L.E. Dreyer 1852-1926
J.H. van 't Hoff 1852-1911
Henri Becquerel 1852-1908
Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro 1853-1925
Emil von Behring 1854-1917
Charles Parsons 1854-1931
Heinrich Hertz 1857-1894
Max Planck 1858-1947
Carl Auer von Welsbach 1858-1929
Maurice d'Ocagne 1862-1938
Charles de la Vallée-Poussin 1866-1962
Marie Curie 1867-1934
Helge von Koch 1870-1924
Ernest Rutherford 1871-1937
Bertrand Russell 1872-1970
Hans von Euler-Chelpin 1873-1964
Guglielmo Marconi 1874-1937
Maurice de Broglie 1875-1960
Max von Laue 1879-1960
Waclaw Sierpinski 1882-1969
Niels Bohr 1885-1962
Stanislaw Lesniewski 1886-1939
Gustav Hertz 1887-1975
Stefan Banach 1892-1945
Louis de Broglie 1892-1987
George Uhlenbeck 1900-1988
Robert Van de Graaff 1901-1967
P.A.M. Dirac 1902-1984
John von Neumann 1903-1957
Ulf von Euler 1905-1983
Claude Chevalley 1909-1984
Wernher von Braun 1912-1977
Alan Turing 1912-1954
Carl F. von Weizsäcker 1912-2007
D.G. Champernowne; 1912-2000
Juan Oró 1923-2004
Pierre-Gilles de Gennes 1932-2007
Klaus von Klitzing 1943-        
Pierre Deligne 1944-        
Andrew Wiles 1953-        

Corvisart   |   Lacépède   |   Dittel   |     etc.         Supplements  |  Cross-Index

WARNING : We are only presenting the heraldry  associated with  famous scientists and thinkers.  In a few cases, such armorial bearings are either family arms or  components  which appear in the arms of others  as if  the illustrious individual had borne them.  For James Clerk Maxwell or James Watt, the best evidence (yet) of an association with the arms featured here is the quartering of these arms by other family members...  Another example is "Sable a sun Or", which is an unambiguous heraldic reference to St. Thomas Aquinas in the arms of a number of institutions or individuals, although Thomas apparently never sported any arms himself. 

white background   indicates entries based on insufficient evidence.  The graphic renditions of some coats-of-arms (Gutenberg, Paracelsus, Bernoulli, etc.) are based on ambiguous blazons and may thus not be completely accurate...  This is very much a work in progress, and all your suggestions are welcome!


 Bonacci Family 
 (modern)Our Fibonacci coat-of-arms is probably incorrect,  Roger Bacon
 (13th Century) since it is solely based on a modern description of the arms of a family bearing the Bonacci surname...  The arms given for Roger Bacon are those of another 13th century individual related to the famous nobleman-turned-friar.
  St. Thomas
 Aquinas (?)
For Saint Thomas Aquinas, the uncertainty is of a different nature since "Sable, a sun Or" is an unambiguous heraldic reference to the saint, especially within the arms of institutions named after him  [ 1 | 2 | Pell ].  However, there does not seem to be any direct evidence that Thomas himself used the symbol and/or the corresponding arms.   Aquino  
(Modern) Aquino  
(Ancient) He was from the high nobility, but probably never bore the Aquino arms (the original arms were apparently "Or 3 bends Gules" and were later quartered with "per fess Gules and Argent, a lion rampant counterchanged").
  Bishop of
 Lisieux (ancient)
Nicole Oresme probably bore the shield at left when he became bishop of Lisieux.  This was once also the shield of the city whose tinctures were changed so a chief of France could be added.
  da Vinci
The ancient arms of the da Vinci family from Tuscany are well-known, and the fact that Leonardo was an illegitimate child may not have prevented him from using them in some way, Descartes'
Family although we have no evidence that he ever did.  The arms listed for René Descartes are those of his family and they are duly found in his own iconography; they are unrelated to his title of  Sieur du Perron  which Descartes kept the right to use for life even after selling in his youth the corresponding estate that he had inherited from his maternal grandmother  (his Mausoleum bears the Latin inscription  Renatus Descartes, Perronti dominus).
   Lord Maxwell 
In Scotland, the right to bear arms is rigorously regulated:  The arms at left are the ancient arms of Lord Maxwell, chief of the Clan Maxwell  (there has been no recognized chiefs since 1863, and the last ones bore more complex arms).  The physicist James Clerk Maxwell would not have been  Maxwells of 
 Middlebie (?) allowed to bear the Maxwell shield without some mark of difference, although he was entitled to the Clan's badge and could wear the Maxwell tartan.  The arms shown at right are most probably the unregistered arms which the Maxwells of Middlebie bore before 1672  (when registration with the Lyon Office became compulsory).  The branch was revived by James' father, John Clerk Maxwell, who assumed the Maxwell name on inheriting Middlebie  (shortly after the birth of his only child).  [read more]
To view the tartans of Scottish scientists  [Napier, Stirling, Watt, Clerk Maxwell, Thomson/Kelvin]  click the tartan icons next to their names  (  Tartan Icon  ).

Roll of Arms
(A few institutions and non-armigerous scientists are also listed.)

A blank shield indicates arms not yet drawn, the question mark is for unknown arms.
white background   highlights entries about which we still have serious reservations...
Click on a shield for a larger picture, or a webpage with more details (if available).
 Robert Copley,
 Robert Grosseteste Robert [Copley] Grosseteste (1168-1253)  bishop of Lincoln (1235-1253).
[Proponent of the  scientific method, revered teacher of Roger Bacon at Oxford]
Argent, a cross moline quarter-pierced Sable.   (Parker, Papworth)
Bonacci family Leonardo Pisano "Bigollo" Fibonacci (1170-1250)
[Bonacci family?] Per pale Gules and Azure, a lion rampant Argent?
Graf von Bollstadt Saint Albert the Great (1205-1280)   [Albertus Magnus | Albrecht von Bollstädt]
De gueules, à une corne de buffle d'argent ornée  [à sénestre]
le long du dos de trois fleurs de lis d'or.   (Rietstap, for "Bolstat")
Roger Bacon Roger Bacon (1214-1292)   [Doctor Mirabilis | Friar from Somerset]
Gules, six roses Argent seeded Or.   [Armorial Wijnbergen]
Thomas Aquinas Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)   [youngest (8th) son of Landolfo of Aquino]
Sable, a sun Or?  [1471 painting by Benozzo Gozzoli, now in the Louvre, Paris]
Ramon Llull Blessed  Ramon Llull (1232-1316)   Catalan Franciscan Tertiary
Gules, a crescent reversed Or.
Bishop of Lisieux Nicole Oresme (1323-1382)   [Bishop of Lisieux, 1377-1382]
Dedans le champ d'azur, deux clefs d'argent et quatre estoiles d'or.   [Lisieux, ancient]
Gutenberg Johannes Gensfleisch zum Gutenberg (1400-1468)     Gules, a beggar cloaked and
hooded, holding a begging bowl dexter and a walking stick sinister, all Proper.
Nicolaus Cusanus Nikolaus von Kues (1401-1464)  Nicholas of Cusa, Nicolaus Cusanus.
Or, a crayfish palewise Gules.  [Crest:  A cardinal's hat Proper.]
da Vinci Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)     [ Vinci town  |  Da Vinci family ]
Or, three pallets Gules.   [da Vinci, Tuscany]
 Mikolaj Kopernik's 
 Gmerk/Hausmark Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543)     Mikolaj Kopernik (or Koppernigk)
Canon of Frauenburg Cathedral (Frombork), from 1497 on.  This is his housemark.
He is unrelated to the Koperni family from Sandomierz, who bore Jastrzebiec arms.
Adam RiesAdam Ries (1492-1559)   German arithmetician.   [ Iconography ]
A saltire couped between the numerals 4, 2, 2 and 4.   [ 2 plus 2 is 4; 2 times 2 is 4 ]
Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim Paracelsus (1493-1541)     Argent, on an inescutcheon Or between eight crosses
[formy?] couped in orle Azure, a bend sinister of the last, charged with three plates.
 Orontius Fineus Oronce Finé de Brianville (1494-1555)   [ Orontius Finaeus ]
D'azur, au chevron d'or accompagné de trois molettes à six pointes du mesme.
[Un casque avec lambrequins. —Rietstap ]   French mathematician & cartographer.
 Cardano Girolamo Cardano (1501-1576)  [Cardani of Milan, from Cardano near Gallarate]
Or, a castle triple towered Gules, port and windows of the field and the middle tower Sable, under a
Capo dell'Impero cucito.  [ Cardano added a swallow to his arms on the day of his arrest, in 1570. ]
 Bernardino Telesio Bernardino Telesio (1509-1588)   Calabrian empiricist.
D'azur, à la fasce d'or.   [ Rietstap:   Manteau de gueules, doublé d'hermine,
frangé et houppé d'or, sommé d'une couronne princière. ]
 Andreas Vesalius Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564)   Andries Wijtinck van Wesele,  Flemish anatomist.
Gules, three jumping weasels Argent in pale.   [legitimized grandson of Everard Wijtinck van Wesele,
himself son of a professor of medicine, Jan Wytinc Van Wesele 1401-1476, lord of Steenbergen ]
 John Dee's crest or cognisance 'lawfully confirmed to [his] ancient armes' (in 1574) 
 is quarterly of 6 with this escutcheon is at position 1 and 6. John Dee (1527-1609)   English mathematician, astronomer and alchemist
Arms "confirmed" in 1574:  Quarterly of six: [1&6] Gules?, a lion Or? within a
bordure indented of the same, etc.   [ 1909 Biography, by Charlotte Fell-Smith ]
 de L'Obel Matthias de L'Obel (1538-1616)   LobeliusBelgian botanist [ Lobelia ]
[ Tinctures unknown ]   Une jeune femme en tunique longue entre deux obels  (populus alba =
white poplar)  touchant leur troncs; une estoile (6) dans le feuillageMotto:  Candore et Spe
Vieta Vieta; François Viète / Viette (1540-1603)   D'argent, au chevron d'azur, accosté
de six étoiles, accompagné en chef d'un soleil et en pointe d'un lis de jardin arrosé par
une buire
  [renversée]  tenue d'une main dextre issant d'une nuée à senestre du chevron.
 Willam Gilbert 
 of Colchester Sir William Gilbert of Colchester (1544-1603);  William Gilberd or Gylberde
Gules, an eagle displayed Or.   [ granted by Elizabeth I, in 1577  |  Gilberd School ]
Tyge BraherTycho Brahe (1546-1601)     []
Sable, a pale Argent.  [Crest:  Two buffalo horns Sable, each with a fess Argent.]
Simon StevinSimon Stevin (1548-1620)   [arms borne by his son, Hendrick, lord of Alphen-on-Rhine in 1655]
Argent, a wreath of 14 spheres Gules at rest around a triangular prism Sable.
[Motto:  Wonder en is gheen wonder  =  Magic is no Magic.]
John Napier  View Tartan John Napier, 8th Laird of Merchiston (1550-1617)   Argent, a saltire engrailed
Gules between four roses of the same, seeded and slipped Vert.   [ *logarithms ]
Sir Francis Bacon Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626)   Baron Verulam (1618) Viscount St Albans (1621)
Quarterly; [1 & 4] Gules, on a chief Argent two mullets Sable; [2 & 3] Barry of six Or and Azure,
a bend Gules.  [5] Overall, a small crescent Argent in heart.  [Motto  Mediocria Firma ]
Galileo Galilei Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)
Or, a ladder of three rungs palewise Gules.
Johannes KeplerJohannes Kepler (1571-1630)
Per fess Or and Azure, a demi angel winged Or and garbed Gules in chief.
 van Helmont Jan Baptista Van Helmont (1577-1644)  coined the word "gas" (chaos) in 1632.
D'azur, à trois casques d'or, tarés de trois-quarts.
 Harvey William Harvey (1578-1657)   English physician
D'or, au chef denté de sable, chargé de trois croissants d'argent.
 Willebrord Snel van Royen Willebrord van Roijen Snell (1580-1626)   Dutch.  [ Law of refraction, 1621]
Gules, three roses Argent  (arms of today's HNLMS Snellius of the Dutch Navy).
[ Snell's Law, by Marian McKenzie & Walter Smith to the tune of  Sweet Betsy from Pike ]
Bachet Claude Gaspard Bachet de Méziriac (1581-1638)   Recreational mathematician
De sable, au triangle évuidé d'or, au chef cousu d'azur chargé de trois étoiles
  Motto:  Nescit Pericula Virtus.  [Bachet de Vauluisant de Meyseria]
Gassendi Pierre Gassendi (1592-1655)
D'azur, à un dauphin d'argent, au chef d'or chargé de trois serres d'aigle
de sable.
Shickard Wilhelm Schickard (1592-1635)   German.  [Mechanical calculator, 1623]
Gules, a lion Or holding in its forepaws an arrow Argent.
Descartes René Descartes (1596-1650)  Sieur du Perron, mathematician & philosopher
Argent a saltire Sable between four palms Vert.   [Descartes de Chavaigne, 1611]
[rue Descartes, Paris V]
Pierre de Fermat Pierre de Fermat (1601-1665)   [ born in Beaumont-de-Lomagne ]
Gules, a chevron Or between 3 alerions Argent, on a chief Azure 3 mullets Or.
Otto von Guericke Otto von Guericke (1602-1686)   German physicist  [ vacuum pump, 1650 ]
Per fess;  [1] Azure a demi-lion Argent.  [2] Gules a rose Argent.
Bernard Frenicle de BessyBernard Frénicle de Bessy (1605-1675)
D'azur, à la fasce d'argent, chargée de trois tourteaux de gueules et
accompagnée de trois aquilons du second émail, mouvants des bords de l'écu
 Prince Rupert of the Rhine Prince Rupert of the Rhine (1619-1682)   Soldier, scientist, inventor, artist.
Ecartelé en 1 et 4 de sable, au lion d'or, armé, lampassé et couronné de gueules
et, en 2 et 3, fuselé en bande d'azur et d'argent.
  [ Rhenish Palatinate ]
 William Brouncker William, 2nd Viscount Brouncker (c.1620-1684)   1st president of the Royal Society
Argent, six pellets, 2, 2 and 2;  on a chief embattled Sable, a lozenge fessways
of the field, charged with a cross patee of the second.  Motto:  Loyal au mort.
 Nicholas Mercator Nicholas Mercator (c.1620-1687, FRS 1666)    Niklaus Kauffman  [ *series ]
Hermès aux pieds ailés, au naturel, tenant un caducée dans la main dextre.
[ Not to be confused with the cartographer  Gerardus Mercator (1512-1594). ]
Blaise Pascal
(1623-1662)Blaise Pascal (1623-1662)     Azure, a paschal lamb Argent holding a pennon
of the same thereon a cross Gules, and in chief dexter a mullet Or.
 Cassini I     Jean-Dominique Cassini (1625-1712)
II    Jacques Cassini (1677-1756)
III   César-François Cassini de Thury (1714-1784)
IV   Jacques-Dominique, comte de Cassini (1748-1845)
Or, a fess between 6 mullets Azure.   (Rietstap)
 Richard Boyle 
 (Robert's father) Robert Boyle (1627-1691)   [Sir Richard Boyle's 5th or 7th son]
Paternal Arms :   Per bend embattled Argent and Gules.     [ *gas law ]
Huygens (ancient) Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695)   [second son of Sir Constantijn Huygens]
D'argent, à deux pals d'azur.  (Rietstap; Huygens van Zuylichem, ancient)
Isaac BarrowIsaac Barrow (1630-1677)   First Lucasian professor, at Cambridge.
Gules, on a chief Argent, three lion's heads erased Sable.   (BGA)
[Crest:  An ostrich's head erased Argent holding in the beak a key Or.]
Christopher Wren Sir Christopher Wren (1632-1723)     Argent, a chevron between 3 lions'
heads erased Azure langued Gules, on a chief of the last, 3 crosses crosslet Or.
Niels Steensen Niels Stensen [Stenson or Steensen]   Nicolaus Steno (1638-1686)
Or, a heart Gules crowned by a cross Vert.   [ Nicolai Stenonis | Stenon ]
(The Danish scientist Nicolaus Steno (1638-1686) was beatified in 1988.)
Maternal ArmsNicolas Malebranche (1638-1715)   Azure, 3 ouroboros Argent. [Maternal arms]
Youngest [sickly] child of Nicolas Malebranche (secretary to King Louis XIII)
and Catherine, sister of Jean de Lauzon (1583-1666) 4th governor of Canada.
Isaac Newton Sir Isaac Newton (1643-1727)     [First scientist to be knighted, on 1705-04-16.]
Sable, two shinbones in saltire Argent  (the dexter surmounted of the sinister).
[as already borne by a descendant of "Newton of Newton" who settled at Horsley c.1500]
LeibnizGottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716)   [tinctures unknown]
Quarterly, [1&4] a lion rampant; [2&3] a stock [chicot] in bend sinister.
Maria S. MerianMaria Sibylla Merian (1647-1717)   Naturalist, entomologist, scientific illustrator
Azure, a stork contourny holding a serpent in its beak, all Proper.
Leopoldina Academy The [National] German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina (1652- )
Azure, a ring Or entwined with two serpents Argent facing an open book Proper
between them, above the ring.   Motto:  Nunquam Otiosus  (Never Idle).
Jakob Bernoulli (1655-1705).   [brother of Joahnn, uncle of Daniel ]
Joahnn Bernoulli (1667-1748).   [brother of Jakob, father of Daniel ]
Nicolaus (I) Bernoulli (1687-1759).   [nephew of Jakob & Johann, cousin of Daniel ]
Nicolaus (II) Bernoulli (1695-1735).   [son of Johann, brother of Daniel ]
Daniel Bernoulli (1700-1782).   [nephew of Jakob, son of Johann ]
Johann (II) Bernoulli (1710-1790).   [son of Johann, brother of Daniel ]
Johann (III) Bernoulli (1744-1807).   [son of Johann II ]
Daniel (II) Bernoulli (1751-1834).   [son of Johann II ]
Jacob (II) Bernoulli (1759-1789).   [son of Johann II ]
Argent, three branches of 7 [sometimes 9] leaves in pairle Vert.
 Bernoulli Family
Royal Society The Royal Society of London (1660- )   [Motto:  Nullius in verba ]
Argent, on a quarter Gules, the three lions of England in pale Or.
Guillaume de l'HospitalGuillaume de l'Hospital, Marquis de Sainte-Mesme (1661-1704) [Rule of...]
De gueules au coq d'argent crêté, membré et becqué d'or, accompagné
à senestre du chef d'un petit écusson d'azur chargé d'une fleur-de-lis d'or.
 Christopher Polhem Christopher Polhem (1661-1751)  Swedish [né Polhammar, knighted in 1716]
 Minerve Académie des sciences (1666- )   [now within the Institut de France]
Une minerve casquéeMotto :  Invenit et Perficit.   [ Regia Scientiar Academia ]

Antoine de Jussieu (1686-1758)
Bernard de Jussieu (1699-1777)
Joseph de Jussieu (1704-1779)
Antoine-Laurent de Jussieu (1748-1836)   [nephew of the above 3 brothers]
Adrien de Jussieu (1797-1853)   [son of the above]
D'azur, à une tour d'argent.   (Rietstap: Jussieu de Montluel)
Remond de Montmort Pierre Rémond de Montmort (1678-1719)   French mathematician.
De gueules, à trois roses d'argent.   (Rémond, marquis de Montmort)
Ferchault de Reaumur René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur (1683-1757)   French scientist.
Argent, a lion rampant Vert, armed and langued Gules.
 Taylor of Bifrons Brook Taylor (1685-1731)  of Bifrons, in Kent  [eldest son of John Taylor, 1655-1729].
Gules, three roses Argent barbed Vert; a chief vair.  Crest:  A lion's head erased Argent
gorged with a collar Gules charged with three roses of the first.  " Fama candida rosa dulciore ".
SwedenborgEmanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772)   Per pale; [1] Gules, two keys in saltire between two
bendlets sinister Argent; [2] Or, a volcano ablaze Proper with an arrow Argent bendwise in base.
Overall on a chief Azure, a bishop's mitre Or, between two mullets Argent.
James Stirling  View Tartan James Stirling "The Venetian" (1692-1770)     [Stirling of Garden]
Argent, a crescent Gules in chief sinister, on a bend Azure three buckles Or.
 Klingenstierna  Samuel Klingenstierna (1698-1765)   Swedish mathematician.
Argent, a tree terrassé Vert; on a chief Azure, three mullets of six points Or.
 Moreau de 
 Maupertuis Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (1698-1759)   French mathematician.
D'azur, à un palmier d'or.   (Rietstap)
 Cramer Gabriel Cramer (1704-1752)   Swiss mathematician.   Parti: au 1, d'argent, à une
patte de lion de gueules, posée en fasce, issante d'une nuée mouvante du flanc dextre et tenant
un rameau d'olivier de sinople; au 2, d'azur, à une ancre d'argent
.   Supporters: Two unicorns.
Benjamin Franklin Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)     Argent, on a bend Gules, between two lions'
heads erased of the same, a dolphin embowed of the field between 2 martlets Or.
Le Tonnelier de Breteuil Gabrielle-Emilie de Breteuil, marquise du Châtelet (1706-1749)
[Le Tonnelier de Breteuil]   Azure, an hawk displayed Or.
 Euler Leonhard Paul Euler (1707-1783)   Prolific major Swiss mathematician
D'azur, à une biche rampante au naturel.  [ Rietstap:  Euler, in Basel ]
Cimier: Une chouette au naturel posée de front, le vol levé.
Lambrequin:  A dextre d'or et d'azur, à senestre d'or et de gueules.
Carolus Linnaeus Carolus Linnæus (1707-1778)     Per pall Gules Vert and Sable, a pall between
3 coronets Argent radiated.  In an oval Azure overall, an egg inverted Proper.
BuffonGeorges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (1707-1788)   French naturalist
Quarterly: [1&4] Argent, on a bend Gules a mullet [/ 3 mullets?] Or [/ Argent?]
(Leclerc = paternal).  [2&3] Azure, 5 billets Argent in saltire  (Marlin = maternal).
 Bassi Laura , Maria, Catarina Bassi-Veratti (1711-1778)   Italian physicist
D'azzurro, alla torre diroccata d'oro; al capo d'Angiò cucito.
[ Appears on mezzotint portrait (1745) by Johann Jacob Haid. ]
d'Aubenton Louis Jean Marie Daubenton (1716-1800)   French naturalist  [= d'Aubenton]
D'azur, à trois peignes à double rangs de dents d'or, 2 et 1, posés en pal.
 des Touches Jean-le-Rond d'Alembert (1717-1783)  FMRS 1748   [ genealogy | mother ]
[Son of Louis Camus des Touches Canon (1668-1726)  and  Claudine de Tencin]   D'azur, à
une étoile d'or, accompagnée de trois croissants d'argent.
.  (Camus des Touches)  cf. Michon
Unknown Arms Maria-Gaëtana Agnesi (1718-1799)   [Heraldic Tribunal of Milan, 1775]
Azure, two swords in saltire Argent hilted Or through a sponge Proper,
pomels to the chief points, under a Capo dell'Impero.
Fardier de Cugnot Axel Fredrik Cronstedt (1722-1765)   Swedish discoverer of nickel, in 1751.
Per fess.  [1] Azure, a crown Argent.  [2] Argent, an ouroboros Azure.
Fardier de Cugnot Nicolas Joseph Cugnot (1725-1804)   [first automobile, in 1769]
Bochart de Saron Jean-Baptiste Gaspard  Bochart de Saron (1730-1794)
D'azur au croissant d'or surmonté d'une étoile de même.
Etienn Bezout Etienne Bézout (1730-1784)   French mathematician.
De gueules à trois écussons d'argent, chargés chacun de trois hermines de sable.
Cavendish Lord Henry Cavendish (1731-1810)   [ genealogy | Devonshire | Stags & Serpents]
Sable, three bucks' heads cabossed Argent.   [Crest: A serpent nowed Proper.]
Canting Motto:  Cavendo Tutus  =  Safe by being cautious   (video)
 Jean-Charles de Borda Chevalier Jean-Charles de Borda-Labatut (1733-1799)   Ecartelé : au 1 d'or à trois
chevrons de gueules; au 2, d'azur au paon rouant d'argent; au 3 d'azur à trois truites d'argent,
posées en fasces, l'une sur l'autre; au 4 d'or à un lévrier de gueules accosté et lié d'argent.
 Joseph Priestley Joseph Priestley (1734-1804)   English chemist who emmigrated to Pennsylvania in 1794.
Gules, on a chevron Argent between three towers issuing demi-lions Or, three grappling irons Sable.
Motto:  Ars Longa, Vita Brevis  =  Skills are long to acquire, life is short.
 Euler Johann-Albert Euler (1734-1800)   Swiss geometer, eldest son of Leonhard Euler.
D'azur, à une biche rampante au naturel.  [ Derived the law of billiard trajectories in 1758.
His youngest daugther married James Bernoulli (1759-1789) who died 2 months after the wedding.
Click for (incomplete) research.  View Tartan James Watt (1736-1819) [Motto: Ingenio et Labore. Clan: Insperata floruit.]
The arms at left are likely, but still uncertain.  See our discussion for details.
Joseph-Louis Lagrange Joseph-Louis Lagrange (1736-1813)   [Comte in 1808]
De sable au triangle équilatéral évuidé d'or, surmonté d'une lune d'argent.
 Coulomb Charles Augustin de Coulomb (1736-1806)  French physicist
D'azur, au chevron d'or, accompagné de trois colombes d'argent.
Guyton de Morveau Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau (1737-1816)   Chemist   [Baron in 1811]
D'azur, au chevron d'or accompagné de trois casques d'argent.
 Parmentier / Parmantier Antoine Augustin Parmentier (1737-1813)   French agronomist.   Coupé, au l, parti
de sinople au pélican et sa piété d'or, et des barons membres des collèges électoraux;
au 2, d'azur, à une porte de ville d'or, adextrée d'un croissant contourné du même en chef
 Luigi Galvani Luigi Aloisio Galvani (1737-1798)  Aloysius Galvani.  Italian physicist.
Per fess:  1)  Per fess Argent and Gules.
2)  Azure a cock Argent armed, crested and jelloped Gules.
William Herschel Sir William Herschel, FRS (1738-1822) ["Coelis exploratis"]   Argent, on a
mount Vert, the 40-foot reflecting telescope with its apparatus directed to sinister,
all Proper; on a chief Azure, the astronomical symbol of Uranus irradiated Or.
Saussure Horace Bénédict de Saussure (1740-1799)   Swiss physicist & geologist.
Taillé, bandé contre-bandé, d'or et de sable, de six pièces.
[ Mongin Schouel de Saulxures (1469-1542)  |  Saulxures-lès-Nancy, Lorraine ]
Montgolfier Joseph-Michel Montgolfier (1740-1810) & Etienne Montgolfier (1745-1799)
D'argent, au ballon ailé de gueules, survolant
une mer d'azur et un mont de sinople à dextre.
Muller von Reichenstein Franz-Joseph Müller, Freiherr  von Reichenstein (1742-1825)
Austrian mineralogist who discovered Tellurium in 1783  (element Te, Z=52).
 Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)  Polymath.  Third U.S. president (1801-1809)
Azure a fret and on a chief Gules three leopards' faces Argent langued Azure.
Lavoisier Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier (1743-1794)     Azure, on a chevron Argent between
2 mullets in chief and a lion rampant in base of the same, 3 ermine spots Sable.
Condorcet Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet (1743-1794)
Azure, a dragon Or, langued and armed Sable, all within a bordure of the last.
 Lamark Jean-Baptiste de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck (1744-1829) [ de Bazentin ]
Écartelé: aux 1 et 4, de gueules, au lion d'or; aux 2 et 3, d'azur, à trois tours
d'or, maçonnées de sable, acc. de trois étoiles d'argent, rangées en chef.
 Pierre Mechain Pierre  François André  Méchain (1744-1804) French astronomer and surveyor
D'azur à deux fasces d'or chargées de 5 roses de gueules, pointées et boutonnées de sinople
(3 & 2)  accompagnées de 5 coquilles d'argent (3 & 2) et d'un croissant du même en pointe.
Alexandre Volta Comte [1801] Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta (1745-1827)
Parti: au 1, d'azur, au cygne entre deux colonnes réunies par une archivolte, le tout d'argent
soutenu par une terrasse de sinople.  au 2, de gueules, à une pile électrique d'argent.
Gaspard Monge Gaspard Monge, Comte de Péluse (1746-1818)
Or, a palm-tree on a terrace Vert  (+ Napoleonic count-senator canton). [1808]
Berthollet Comte Claude-Louis Berthollet (1748-1822)     Per fess, 1: per pale Azure, a
chemistry apparatus Argent, Gules an ibis Or, 2: Gules a greyhound rampant Or.
 Laplace Pierre-Simon Laplace (1749-1827)   [Count in 1806, Marquis in 1817]
D'azur, à 2 planètes de Jupiter et de Saturne, avec leurs satellites et anneaux placés en
ordre naturel, posées en fasce, d'argent, un soleil et une fleur à cinq branches d'or en chef.
 Delambre Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre (1749-1822)
De sable, semé d'étoiles d'argent en chef, et un globe terrestre du même
en pointe, ledit globe entouré d'un annelet de sable en direction verticale.
 Jean-Valentin Fabbroni Giovanni Valentino Mattia Fabbroni (1752-1822)  Italian scientist  [kilogram, 1795]
D'azur, à la bande d'or chargée de trois marteaux au naturel et accompagnée en
chef d'un besant d'argent ch. d'une croix de gueules
.  [Assemblyman, 1809-1814]
 Legendre Adrien-Marie Legendre (1752-1833)   [Knighted in 1811]
Per pale:  [1]  Azure, on a rock issuant from a sea a tower embattled of five pieces, all Argent;
thereon a  fanal allumé Gules;  [2]  Sable, a globe beneath a hand holding a compass, all Or.
 Rumford Sir Benjamin Thompson, Reichsgraf von Rumford (1753-1814).  American-born.
Per fess Argent and Sable, a fess embattled counter-embattled between two falcons beaked,
membered and belled Or in chief and a horse passant in base, all counterchanged.
 Lazare Carnot Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot (1753-1823)  French geometer and engineer
Azure, 3 martlets and a mullet in chief Argent.  [ co-founder of Polytechnique & father of Sadi. ]
Jurij VegaJurij Vega (1754-1802) [called Veha in his youth]   Georg Freiherr von Vega
Born in Zagorica near Ljubljana, Slovenia.  Baron in 1800.   [ stamp | *log tables ]
De gueules, à la grenade de guerre d'argent, allumée d'or.
 Parseval Marc-Antoine de Parseval des Chênes (1755-1836)   French mathematician
D'argent au pal de sable chargé de trois étoiles du champ.
 de Prony Gaspard François Claire Marie Riche de Prôny (1755-1839) French mathematician
D'azur, à un pont de trois arches d'argent appuyé à un rocher baigné par une mer de sinople
à dextre, sommé d'un compas et d'une règle passés en sautoir, d'argent surmontés d'une corne
d'abondance d'or versant des fruits d'argent.
  [ baron on June 25, 1828, Pair de France in 1835 ]
 Chaptal Jean-Antoine Claude Chaptal, (1756-1832)   Comte de Chanteloup [1810]
De gueules, à une tour d'or, maçonnée et portillée de sable, accostée de 4 étoiles
d'argent, et surmontée en chef à senestre d'une vigne de sinople, fruitée d'or.
Johan GadolinJohan Gadolin (1760-1852)   Finnish chemist  [discovered Yttrium in 1792].
Argent, on a bend Azure between a rose Gules and crystals Proper, two mullets Or.
Vauquelin[Chevalier] Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin (1763-1829)   French chemist.
Tiercé en fasce, d'azur, de gueules et de sinople, à la croix d'honneur
entre trois creusets d'or, 2 en chef et 1 en pointe.
 Niepce, Normandie Joseph Nicéphore Niépce (1765-1833)   French scientist, inventor of photography.
D'azur à un chevron d'argent accompagné en chef de deux roses d'or et, en pointe,
d'un gland de même.
  [ Invented internal combustion engine, with brother Claude ]
 William Hyde Wollaston William Hyde Wollaston (1766-1828) FRS 1793.   English physicist and chemist.
Argent, three mullets pierced Sable.   [ Wollaston observed the dark solar spectrum
lines (1802) before Fraunhofer (1814).  He discovered Pd (in 1803) & Rh (1804).]
Unknown ArmsJohn Dalton (1766-1844)  FRS (1822)
Azure, semée of cross-crosslets, a lion rampant guardant Argent.  [Genealogy]
 Fourier Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier (1768-1830)   [Baron in 1810]   Per fess, [1] per
pale, Azure a fess Argent, Gules a wall embattled beneath an oak branch Argent;
[2] Argent a bend sinister chequy Azure and Or between two roosters Azure.
Cuvier Georges Jean Léopold Nicolas Christian Frédéric Cuvier (1769-1832)
Azure, a chevron Or between 3 birds' [?] heads erased Argent.
 von Humboldt Baron  Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859)   Prussian naturalist and explorer.
Or upon a base Vert, a tree of the same between 3 mullets [of 6 points] Argent, 1 and 2.
Etienne Geoffroy St. HilaireEtienne Geoffroy-Saint-Hilaire (1772-1844)   French zoologist.
Tiercé en bande, au premier d'or à la pyramide de sable; au 2, de gueules
au signe des Chevaliers-Légionnaires; au 3, d'argent au crocodile d'azur.
 von Buch Baron Christian  Leopold von Buch (1774-1853)   Prussian geologist.
Argent, a lion Gules.
Unknown Arms André Marie Ampère (1775-1836)
 Germain Marie-Sophie Germain (1776-1831)  Mathematician  (family of goldsmiths & merchants).
D'azur, à la dextre d'or; au chef de France et à la champagne de sinople.
[Arms borne in 1738 by her grandfather, Thomas Germain, 1673-1748.]
Amedeo Avogadro Amedeo Avogadro (1776-1856)  ... about  6.022141 1023  things per mole of stuff.
Gules 23 bezants, 5, 4, 5, 4, 3 and 2.
 Cagniard de la Tour [Baron] Charles Cagniard de la Tour (1777-1859; X1794)  French physicist.
[ Invented the siren in 1819.  Discovered the critical temperature of fluids in 1822. ]
De gueules, au lion d'argent.
Carl Friedrich Gauss Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855)   [Motto: Pauca sed Matura]
A tree on a terrace, bearing seven fruits.   [tinctures unknown]
Unknown Arms Louis-Jacques Thénard (1777-1857)  French chemist  [FMRS 1824, Baron in 1825]
D'azur, à trois creusets d'or, 2, 1.
Hans Christian OerstedHans Christian Ørsted (1777-1851)   Danish physicist  ["Oersted"]   Per fess,
per pale; [1] Azure, a sun Or between 4 compass needles clockwise; [2] Or, a quill
Argent in bend sinister; [3] Gules, a book Argent stating Naturlovene ere Fornuftlove.
Guillaume Dupuytren [Baron] Guillaume Dupuytren (1777-1835)   Physician
D'azur, à la bande d'or chargée d'une branche de laurier de sinople et
accompagnée d'un coq d'or en chef et d'une lampe allumée d'or en pointe.
 Pyrame de Candolle Augustin Pyrame de Candolle (1778-1841)   Swiss botanist.
Quarterly; Or and Azure.  [Motto: Aide Dieu au bon chevalier. ]   (Rietstap)
 Lussac Louis-Joseph Gay-Lussac (1778-1850; X 1797)   [French]
D'argent à trois merlettes de sable.   [ Father's estate: Lussac, Haute-Vienne ]
 Humphry Davy Sir Humphry Davy (1778-1829)  [Knighted in 1812, Baronet in 1818]
Sable, a chevron engrailed Erminois between two annulets in chief Or, and in base a
flame Proper encompassed by a chain of the [last], issuing from a civic wreath Gold.
 Berzelius Jöns Jakob Berzelius (1779-1848)   D'argent, à un rocher s'élevant d'une eau au naturel,
surmonté d'une étoile (5) d'or, le champ chapé-ployé de gueules, ch. à dextre d'une balance d'or,
à senestre d'un flambeau d'or, posé en bande, brochant sur un bâton d'Esculape d'or, posé en barre.
 Simeon Denis Poisson Siméon Denis Poisson (1781-1840; X1798)   French mathematician.
D'or, à la bande fuselée de gueules.
Baron Poisson (1825).  Pair de France (1837).
 Sir David Brewster Sir David Brewster (1781-1868)   Scottish scientist.  University principal.
Azure, a chevron Argent between three mullets of six points Or.
 Charles Dupin Baron Pierre Charles François Dupin (1784-1846; X1801)   French mathematician.
D'azur à trois coquilles d'argent  (paternal arms).  [Differential geometry of surfaces.]
Created Baron by Louis XVIII, 1824-08-20.  Hereditary confirmation on 1860-08-18.
Unknown Arms François Arago (1786-1853; X 1803)   [Cerny, Essonne. b. in Estagell, near Perpignan]
Secured the abolition of slavery in French colonies (1853).
Joseph von Fraunhofer Joseph von Fraunhofer (1787-1826)
Per fess. [1] Per pale; Sable a fleur-de-Lys Or, Or a fleur-de-lys Argent.
[2] Gules a unicorn in full course Argent.
FresnelAugustin Jean Fresnel (1788-1827; X1804)   Physicist [cousin of Prosper Mérimée]
De gueules, à sept besants d'or, 2, 3 et 2.   [ Fresnel, Normandie.  Rietstap. ]
Family arms of  Pierre IV Fresnel,  canon at Rouen until 1390, bishop of Lisieux (1415-1418).
Leopold Gmelin Leopold Gmelin (1788-1853)   German chemist  [ Gmelin Handbook ]
Per pale; [1] Azure, a dolphin uriant entwined around an anchor Argent.  [2] Gules, on a fess
Argent [titlted bendwise] between two mullets of 6 points Or, a Wolfsangel  contourny  Sable.
Augustin Cauchy Louis Augustin Cauchy (1789-1857; X1805)
D'argent, à la tour d'azur sommée d'un coq hardi du même.
 Coriolis Gustave Gaspard de Coriolis (1792-1843; X1808)
Azure, two chevrons Or, a rose in base Argent.  [Barons de Limaye : 1 | 2 ]
X Ecole Polytechnique "X" (1794- )   Une cuirasse surmontée d'un casque vu de
profil, posés sur une ancre de marine, le tout brochant sur deux canons croisés.

[Motto: "Pour la Patrie, les sciences et la gloire."]
Sadi Carnot Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot (1796-1832; X1812)  French thermodynamicist
Azure, three martlets and a mullet in chief Argent.  [ Son of Lazare and uncle of the President. ]
Barre de Saint-Venant Adhémar Jean-Claude Barré de Saint-Venant (1797-1886; X1813)   Mechanician.
D'azur, au chevron d'argent, accompagné en chef de deux mouchetures d'hermine
et en pointe d'un soleil d'or.  Supports: deux lévriers au naturel
.   [Rietstap]
 Emile Clapeyron Benoît Paul Emile Clapeyron (1799-1864; X1816)   French thermodynamicist.
D'azur, à la fasce d'or, chargée de trois croix potencées de gueules et
accompagnée de trois roses du second
.   [Rietstap]
 William Parsons William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse (1800-1867)   Father of Sir Charles Parsons.
Gules, three leopards' faces Argent.   [Crest:  Out of a ducal coronet Or,
a cubit arm holding a sprig of roses, all Proper
.  Motto: Pro Deo et Rege.]
Niels Abel Niels Henrik Abel (1802-1829)   Argent, the forbidden tree of knowledge with the
Serpent between Adam and Eve, Adam dexter receiving an apple from Eve sinister,
the latter plucking a second apple with her sinister hand, all Proper.
Justus von Liebig Justus von Liebig (1803-1873)  German chemist & industrialist  [Freiherr in 1845]
Gules, on a bend Argent an oak branch with 7 leaves and 3 acorns Proper.
William Rowan Hamilton  View Tartan Sir William Rowan Hamilton (1805-1865)   [knighted in 1835]
Irish mathematician of Scottish ancestry (clan Hamilton).  Motto:  "Through".
Gules, [a mullet between] three cinquefoils Argent? [ surname | Killyleagh | 1891 ]
Charles Darwin Charles Darwin (1809-1882)     Argent, on a bend Gules cotised Vert, between
two mullets each within an annulet Gules, three escallops Or.   [See grandfather.]
Ernt Eduard Kummer Ernst Eduard Kummer (1810-1893)    
Azure, a fess Gules between a crescent surmounted of a mullet of six points
in chief and two mullets of six points in base, all Or.
 Henri Nestle Henri Nestlé (1814-1890)     [1867 baby formula]
De gueules, à un oiseau d'argent, couché dans son nid au naturel.   (Rietstap)
 Julius Robert von Mayer Julius Robert von Mayer (1814-1878)   [ennobled 1867-11-05, in Württemberg]
Augusta Ada Lovelace, Heiress of Lord Byron Augusta Ada Byron, Countess of Lovelace (1815-1852)
[Heiress of Lord Byron]   Argent, three bendlets enhanced Gules.
SiemensErnst SiemensWerner von (1816-1892) & Sir William Siemens (1823-1883)
Azure, a carrot Proper leaved Argent, between 2 mullets of 6 points Or.
[Arms of Hermann von Siemens (1885-1986) grandson of Werner von Siemens.]
 Brodie Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, Jr. (1817-1880)  2nd Baronet.   English chemist
Azure, on a chevron between three mullets Argent, 3 civic wreaths Vert.  (Collen)
[Investigated allotropic forms of carbon.  Discovered graphitic acid and carbon suboxide.]
August von HofmannAugust Wilhelm von Hofmann (1818-1892)  German chemist
In Silber auf eisernem Dreifuss in flammendem Kohlenbecken ein natürlicher Siedekolben,
in den vier Schildesecken begleitet von je einer goldenbesamten roten Rose
Sir George StokesSir George Gabriel Stokes (1819-1903)  FRS   [ Stokes' Theorem ]
Gules, a demi-lion double-queued Argent within a bordure Sable entoyre of bezants.
[ Arms granted in 1721 to his great-grandfather, Gabriel Stokes (1682-1768) ]
Hermann von HelmholtzHermann von Helmholtz (1821-1894)   [ Thermodynamics ]
Quarterly.  [1 & 4] Or.  [2 & 3] Gules, an iron helm Proper.
On a bend Argent overall, three salamanders Vert.
Gregor Mendel Gregor Johann Mendel (1822-1884)     Quarterly;  Azure, a lily Proper;
Sable, a plow Proper beneath a christian cross irradiated Or; Gules, two clasped
hands in friendship
beneath a flaming heart Proper; Or, the writing "A=W" Sable.
 Lord Kelvin  View Tartan William Thomson, Baron Kelvin of Netherhall, Largs (1824-1907)
Argent, a stag's head cabossed Gules, on a chief Azure a thunderbolt Proper
winged Or, between two spur revels of the first.   [1866]
 Alphonse de Polignac Prince Alphonse de Polignac (1826-1863; X1849)   [Polignac's conjecture, 1849]
Fascé d'argent et de gueules, de six pièces.
[ Son of Jules de Polignac (1780-1847) French prime minister in 1829 and 1830 ]
Joseph Lister Baron [1897] Joseph Lister of Lyme Regis (1827-1912)   [baronet in 1883]
Ermine, on a fess invected Sable three mullets of six points Argent, in chief
a staff of Aesculapius erect Proper.   [ MottoMalo mori quam foedari. ]
August Kekule Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz (1829-1896)   [Kekule ze Stradonic]
Gules, three angled horse fleams Argent pallwise, between as many trefoils Vert.
Maxwells of Middlebie  View Tartan James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879)   [Clan motto: Reviresco]  house
Argent a saltire Sable, in chief a mullet Gules, within a bordure Azure.   [ Dumfries ]
William Crookes Sir William Crookes (1832-1919)   [Knighted in 1897, Order of Merit in 1910]
Or, on a chevron Vert three optical prisms Argent between two crosses patty of the
second in chief and a radiometer Proper in base.
Mendeleev Dmitri Mendeleev (1834-1907)  Quarterly; 1 & 4  Gules, an ironclad arm from a cloud
Proper holding a sword Argent ;  2 & 3  Vert, a horseshoe below a stirrup Argent strapped Gules.
On an inescutcheon Azure, a cross patonce Or, 3 mullets in chief and a crescent in base Argent.
 van der Waals Johannes Diderik van der Waals (1837-1923; Nobel 1910)   Dutch physicist.
Per fess wavy Azure and Argent, three swans Or naiant in fess overall.   Crest:  A swan Or.
Alternate tinctures:  Or and Azure with swans Sable?   [ cf. van der Waals online ]
 Lecoq de Boisbaudran (Paul Emile) François Lecoq de Boisbaudran (1838-1912)   French chemist
Discovered gallium (1875), samarium (1880), dysprosium (1886).  Isolated gadolinium (1885).
D'azur, au coq d'argent, cretté, becqué, et membré de gueules.
 Vicomte Cochon 
 de Lapparent Albert Auguste Cochon de Lapparent (1839-1908) X 1858   Geologist   [ IGAL ]
Or, a chevron Gules between three boars' heads erased Sable tusked Argent.
 Sir James Dewar, FRS Sir James Dewar, FRS (1842-1923)   Scottish chemist & physicist  [Dewar flask]
Gules, the crosier of St Fillan between a water bouget in the dexter and a vacuum
vessel in the sinister Argent.  On a chief of the last, three cinquefoils of the first.
 John William Strutt, 
 Lord Rayleigh John W. Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh of Terling Place (1842-1919; Nobel 1904)
Azure, on a chevron Argent between 3 crosses crosslet fitchy Or, 3 leopards' heads?
[ *surface acoustic waves ]
Eotvos Family Arms Baron Lóránd von Eötvös (1848-1919)   Hungarian physicist.
Quarterly with an inescutcheon.  [Eötvös family traced back to the 17th century]
Herb Korwin (Polish arms) Sofia Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya (1850-1891)   née Sonya Korvin-Krukovskaya.
[ Korwin-Krukowski family ]  In September 1868, she claimed social independence
by marrying  Vladimir Kovalevsky,  who committed suicide in 1880.
J.L.E. Dreyer Johann Ludwig Emil Dreyer (1852-1926)   Danish astronomer (NGC author).
Per fess Argent and Gules, chaperonné Azure, in chief a trefoil slipped and inverted
Vert and in base three roundels [each charged with a quatrefoil] Argent.
 van t' Hoff Jacobus Henricus van t' Hoff (1852-1911; Nobel 1901)   Dutch chemist.
Wapen:   Doorsneden: A gedeeld: 1 in zilver een stappend zwart paard; 2 in rood een zilveren schuinbalk;
B in goud een zwart merk in de vorm van drie over elkaar heengaande letters A zonder dwarsstreepje,
met omlaaggaande vanaf de top van de middelste A een streepje, alle uiteinden met dwarsstreepjes.
French stamp, 1946 Antoine Henri Becquerel (1852-1908; Nobel 1903)  X 1872   French physicist.
D'azur à un rocher d'argent portant deux oiseaux affrontés et becquetant une grappe de raisins d'or,
feuillée et tigée de même, mouvant du chef.
Villa Ar Bann (1908). Canting arms: "querelle de becs".
 Ricci-Curbastro Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro (1853-1925)   Italian inventor of tensor calculus (1884).
Azzurro con una fascia rossa accompagnata in capo da una cometa posta tra due stelle d'oro,
in punta una quercia al naturale terrazzata di verde accostata da due ricci al naturale e affrontati.
 von Behring Emil von Behring (1854-1917; Nobel 1901)   German physician.
Checky Sable and Argent, a snake Vert twined around a dagger Gules, point down.
Unknown ArmsSir Charles Parsons, FRS (1854-1931)   [Knighted in 1911, 6th son of Rosse]
(Invented steam turbine in 1884.  Westminster Abbey window dedicated in 1950.)
 Heinrich Hertz Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (1857-1894)   German physicist  [Radio waves, 1888]
Quarterly [1&4] Gules a harp Or and [2&3] Argent three hearts Gules.
 Johann Julius Wilhelm von Planck Max Planck (1858-1947)   Major German physicist.
Gules, a  pelican in her piety  Argent.   [paternal arms]
 Baron [in 1901]
 Carl Auer von Welsbach Baron [1901] Carl Auer von Welsbach (1858-1929)   [ Plus Lucis ]   Quarterly:
1/Sable, an eagle Or.  2/Arms of Wels with a catfish in a creek [canting].  3/Argent,
five mithridate leaves. 4/Gules, a griffin Or.  5/On an inescutcheon Or, a torch Sable.
 Maurice d'Ocagne Philibert Maurice d'Ocagne du Plessis (1862-1938; X1880)   [ d'Ocagne's Identity ]
D'argent, au chevron de sable, accompagné de trois étoiles de gueules.
As a playwright, he was known as  Pierre Delix  ("de l'X" = de Polytechnique).
 Charles Jean Gustave Nicolas, Baron de la Vallee Poussin 
(1866-1962) Baron in 1930 Charles de la Vallée-Poussin (1866-1962)   Belgian mathematican  [Baron in 1928]
D'azur à la fasce d'or chargée de trois trèfles de sable.  [1930]
Marie Skolowska Curie Marie Curie, née Marya Sklodowska  (1867-1934; Nobel 1903 & Nobel 1911)
Azure, an arrow [point downwards] within a horseshoe Argent surmounted by
a cross patty Or.   [ Herb Dolega, borne by the ród of the Sklodowski family.]
Helge von Koch Niels Fabian  Helge von Koch (1870-1924)   Swedish mathematician.
Quarterly; [1] Or, a cock on a ladder Sable. [2] Gules, a boar's head erased Sable.
[3] Azure, a crown Or over two palms in saltire Vert. [4] Or a rose Gules.
Ernest Rutherford Ernest Rutherford, Lord Rutherford of Nelson (1871-1937; Nobel 1908)
Per saltire arched Gules and Or, two inescutcheons voided of the first in fess,
within each a martlet Sable.   [Knighted in 1914. Baron in 1931.]
Bertrand Russell Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell (1872-1970; Nobel 1950)
[Dukes of Bedford]   Argent, a lion rampant Gules armed and langued Azure,
on a chief Sable three escallops of the first.     [ genealogy  |  misty roots ]
 Hans von 
 Euler-Chelpin Hans von Euler-Chelpin (1873-1964; Nobel 1929)   Swedish chemist
Or, a castle triple towered Gules couped, port of the field and windows Sable,
the middle tower roofed of the last.   [Father of Ulf  S. von Euler]
Guglielmo Marconi Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937; Nobel 1909)     Per pale Azure and Argent, a
fleur-de-lys Or between 2 lions combattant counterchanged, under a capo d'Angiò.
de Broglie (Louis César Victor) Maurice de Broglie (1875-1960) [6th duke, brother of Louis]
Or, a saltire moline Azure.   [D'or au sautoir alaisé et ancré d'azur.]
Albert Einstein Albert Einstein (1879-1955; Nobel 1921)
Max von Laue Max Theodor Felix von Laue (1879-1960; Nobel 1914)   German physicist
Per pale Sable and Argent, a quill and an officer's sword in saltire Proper.
Herb Leliwa Waclaw Sierpinski (1882-1969)   Polish mathematician.
Azure, a mullet of six points over a crescent Or.   (Herb Leliwa)
Emmy Noether Amalie Emmy Noether (1882-1935)
Niels Bohr Niels Henrik David Bohr (1885-1962; Nobel 1922)   [ *model  |  *quote ]
Argent, a tai-chi mandala [taiji or yin-yang symbol] Gules and Sable.  [1947]
Motto:  Contraria sunt complementa  (opposites are complementary).
LesniewskiStanislaw Lesniewski (1886-1939) [Leshniewski, Leúniewski]  Mathematician.
Gules, a griffin Argent armed Or.   (Herb Gryf)
 Heinrich Hertz Gustav Hertz (1887-1975; Nobel 1925)   Physicist  [nephew of Heinrich Hertz]
Quarterly [1&4] Gules a harp Or and [2&3] Argent three hearts Gules.
Stefan Banach Stefan Banach (1892-1945)
Pomian coat-of-arms.  [Paternal grandmother's arms]
Louis de Broglie Louis (Victor Pierre Raymond) de Broglie (1892-1987; Nobel 1929) [7th duke]
Or, a saltire moline Azure.   [D'or au sautoir alaisé et ancré d'azur.]
 George Uhlenbeck George Eugene Uhlenbeck (1900-1988)  Dutch physicist  [electron spin, in 1925]
Azure, on a tree trunk Proper rising from water Argent, an owl contourny
head affronty.   [Canting arms: Uhlenbeck = Owl's brook ]
 Van de Graaff Robert Jemison Van de Graaff (1901-1967)   American physicist
Argent, two bars counter-embattled Sable.  On a quarter Or, the imperial
double-headed eagle Sable.   Motto:  Dieu nous conduise  (God guide us).
 Alfred Tarski Alfred Tarski (1902-1983)   Polish logician, called  Teitelbaum  until 1923.
Per fess Sable and Or, a stork Argent.  Two mullets of 4 points Or in chief.
 Sem Goudsmit Samuel "Sem" Goudsmit (1902-1978)   Dutch physicist  [electron spin, in 1925]
Fascé d'or et d'azur, les fasces d'or chargées de neuf flanchis de gueules, 4, 3 et 2.
P.A.M. Dirac Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac (1902-1984; Nobel 1933)     Argent, a leopard
Gules holding a clover Vert dexter, on a chief Azure three pine cones Or.
 Pascual Jordan Ernst  Pascual Jordan (1902-1980)   German quantum pioneer  [quantized fields]
D'argent à trois fasces de gueules.  Alcoy branch of the noble Jordá family  [9th century].
His Spanish great-grandfather  Pascual Jordá  served the British crown and settled in Hanover.
 John von Neumann John von Neumann (1903-1957)   Hungarian-American polymath.
Per fess 1: Vert, three roses Argent seeded Or. 2: Argent, two fess Vert.
[ His father was ennobled by Franz Joseph in 1913. ]
 Hans von 
 Euler-Chelpin Ulf von Euler (1905-1983; Nobel 1970)   Swedish physician
Or, a castle triple towered Gules couped, port of the field and windows Sable,
the middle tower roofed of the last.   [Son of Hans von Euler-Chelpin]
 Chevalley Claude Chevalley (1909-1984)   French mathematician
Gules, on a bend sinister Azure, a horse rampant contourny Argent.
Wernher von Braun Wernher (Magnus Maximillian) Freiherr  von Braun (1912-1977)
Argent, three fusils conjoined pallwise Gules.     [ read more ]
Alan Turing Alan  M.  Turing (1912-1954)   British logician.  Computer science pioneer.
Argent, on a bend Sable three boars' heads couped Or langued Gules.
[ Turing of Foveran (1639). ]
Carl von Weizsaecker Carl (Friedrich) Freiherr  von Weizsäcker (1912-2007)   German physicist.
Azure from a terrace Vert issuant three wheat stalks Or.
 Juan Oro Juan Oró i Florensa (1923-2004) marqués de Oró [2000]   Spanish biochemist
Parti [1] d'or, au mont de sinople mouvant de la pointe   [2] d'azur, à la molécule d'adénine
d'argent reliée de sable.   Au chef de gueules, avec un soleil d'or accosté de 4 étoiles d'argent.
 of Gennes Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (1932-2007; Nobel 1991)     D'azur, à trois genettes
d'or, accompagnées en abyme d'une fleur de lys d'or.
  [de Gennes-Sanglier]
Klaus von Klitzing Klaus-Olaf  von Klitzing (b. 1943; Nobel 1985)   German physicist
Or, three Hungarian bonnets Gules lined Argent.
 Pierre Deligne Viscount Pierre Deligne (1944-)   Belgian mathematician  (Fields Medal, 1978)
Vert, three hens Proper in fess.   Motto:  La première va devant.
Crest:  A dodecahedron Or.   Supporters:  Two trees Vert, trunked Argent.
 Andrew Wiles Sir Andrew John Wiles (1953-)   Mathematician, FRS 1989, knighted in 2000.
Argent, two fasces Gules, each charged with three crosses crosslet fitchy Or.
Dubna Dubna, Russia   (founded 1956).  Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
Argent, on a see Azure, a tree Vert. Overall, an upright triangle in base
and an helium atom in heart, both Or.  [Dubnium is element 105]
The boast of heraldry, the pomp of pow'r,
And all that beauty, all that wealth e'er gave,
Awaits alike th' inevitable hour:
The paths of glory lead but to the grave.

"Elegy Written In a Country Churchyard"
(9th stanza) by Thomas Gray (1716-1771).
This was the favorite piece of poetry of 
Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931).


Can you identify the following shields?  (HINT:  They are listed in chronological order.)  With only  one  exception, each pertains directly to Science and can be found either in the above roll or in our supplementary Hall of Arms.  Click on any of these tiny shields for answers and enjoy the great full-size artwork donated by  Jochen Wilke  and  other contributors.

Quizz :

Roger Bacon (discussion) Ottokar IV (fictitious) Gutenberg Cusanus Leonardo da Vinci Albrecht Duerer Paracelsus Tycho Brahe Sir Francis Bacon Kepler Schickard Otto von Guericke Prince Rupert of the Rhine Leibniz Maria Sibylla Merian Leopoldina Academy Royal Society of London de l'Hospital Christopher Polhem Swedenborg Linnaeus Axel Fredrik Cronstedt Chevalier de Borda James E. Watt William Herschel Friedrich von Hahn Mueller von Reichenstein Alessandro Volta Gaspard Monge Laplace Goethe Legendre Rumford Corvisart Johan Gadolin Alexander von Humboldt Leopold von Buch Gauss Humphry Davy Karl Drais Joseph von Fraunhofer George Everest Coriolis Negrelli Koechel Niels Abel Justus von Liebig Carl Leverkus Charles Darwin Hamilton (ancestral) Ada Lovelace August von Hofmann George Gabriel Stokes Hermann von Helmholtz Lord Kelvin Friedrich Bayer Joseph Lister August Kekule James Clerk Maxwell William Crookes Dimitri Mendeleev van der Waals Graf Zeppelin Sir James Dewar Gustaf de Laval Lorand Eotvos J.L.E. Dreyer Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro Emil von Behring Heinrich Hertz Auer von Welsbach Fridtjof Nansen Sven Hedin Marie Curie Helge von Koch Ernst Stromer Ernest Rutherford von Euler-Chelpin Guglielmo Marconi Max von Laue Teilhard de Chardin Niels Bohr Louis de Broglie Balzar von Platen Count Taffee von Braun von Weizsaecker Bruno von Freytag-Loeringhoff Thor Heyerdahl Margaret Thatcher Jesco von Puttkamer Emperor Akihito Klaus von Klitzing Pierre Deligne Andrew Wiles Gerard Michon

We gratefully acknowledge many comments and contributions:

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