Escutcheons of Science
 Friedrich August Kekule von Stradonitz

Coat-of-arms of August Kekulé von Stradonitz (1829-1896)
best known for his discovery of the structure of benzene (1865)

The above depiction of the coat-of-arms of Kekulé is due to Jochen Wilke.
The background is a conventional representation of the benzene molecule
(although actual benzene has hexagonal rather than triangular symmetry).
[ © 2004 Jochen Wilke.  This copyrighted image is reproduced here by permission. ]

Gules, three angled fleams Argent pallwise [blades pointing counterclockwise]
between three trefoils Vert 
[pallwise inverted, in heart].
Crest:  A horse fleam Argent.   Mantling:  Gules and Argent.


In the above, the bracketed terms were introduced to lift
the ambiguities of the ancient German blazon which reads:

In Rot drei in Form eines Schächerkreuzes zusammengefügte, von drei
grünen Kleeblättern gewinkelte silberne Rossflieten oder Lasseisen. 
Auf der Helm mit rot-silbernen Decken eine silberne Rossfliete.


 August Kekule August Kekulé von Stradonitz  (1829-96)

In 1865,  Kekulé  had a revelation of the  cyclic structure of benzene  in a daydream where he saw  snakes biting their own tails.  He first proposed a planar molecule of  trigonal  symmetry, with alternating single and double bonds  (instead of the currently accepted perfect hexagonal symmetry).

Ph.D. 1852  |  Structural chemistry (1857-58)  |  Aromatic compounds (1865)  |  Britannica  |  Wikipedia  |  NNDB


Heraldic Notes  [edited summary] :


 www.numericana.com  Kekule  Liebig

Wikipedia   |   Benzene video


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