©Although our texts and illustrations are copyrighted (see warning below), you are, of course, free to post links to any numericana.com page, or to any article within such a page, using the proper anchor ("#something" suffix). You may also publish short quotations [no more than a few paragraphs] of the text, if you indicate its origin (preferably using an hyperlink to do so) under the "fair use" provisions of copyright law, outlined below.
Here are some examples of friendly quotations which are perfectly acceptable;
Here's a less-than-friendly quotation which is also entirely acceptable from a legal standpoint, although we do object to its technically incorrect context:
- "Not on this List" by Dennis Director, from the FTF Archives (2002-00-18).
- Ask Dr. Math: Euler's Formula for a Torus (Dr. Peterson, 2001-06-08).
© 2000-2017, Gérard P. Michon
Except for a few quotes and illustrations credited to others and reproduced either by permission or under the "fair use" provisions reproduced below, the following statement applies to all illustrations and to the entire text of numericana.com. This includes the content of all web pages located at any of the following URLs, or in any subdirectory therefrom: http://www.numericana.com/ http://www.numericana.net/ http://www.numericana.org/ http://home.att.net/~numericana/ http://numericana.home.att.net/ http://home.att.net/~units/ http://units.home.att.net/This entire work (text and illustrations) is protected by US and International copyright law, and is owned exclusively by Gérard P. Michon, Ph.D.
© Copyright 2000-2017 by Gérard P. Michon. All rights reserved.
The civil penalties for copyright infringment can be severe and may include substantial monetary damages, injunctive relief, and liability for attorneys' fees incurred in prosecuting a case. Should a court determine that an infringment was willfully committed, statutory damages of up to $100 000 can be awarded for each copyright infringment. Otherwise, a defendant may still be held liable for statutory damages of $500 to $20 000 for each infringment. These penalties apply even when no money was exchanged. In addition, willful copyright infringment for commercial advantage or financial gain constitutes a crime punishable by up to 5 years imprisonment or $250 000 in fines, or both. Outside of the US, penalties vary but are always severe.
§107. Limitations on Exclusive Rights: Fair Use
Notwithstanding the provisions of section 106, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phone records or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use, the factors to be considered shall include:
- the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
- the nature of the copyrighted work;
- the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
- the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. (added pub. l 94-553, Title I, 101, Oct 19, 1976, 90 Stat 2546)